Where is Taiwan? Taiwan is part of a chain of islands that is located of the coast of
China, just southwest of Japan and north of the Philippines. The strip of water between
Taiwan and the Republic of China is called the Taiwan Strait. The body of water to the
north is the East China Sea and to the south the Luzon Strait and South China Sea.
There are two primary geological terrains in Taiwan. The eastern part of the island
(about two thirds of the land mass) is characterized by rugged mountain ranges running
from the northern tip to the southern tip.
Flat rolling plains on the western side of the island are where most of Taiwan’s
population calls home.
The mountainous eastern side of Taiwan actually has five mountain ranges, making it
the world’s fourth highest island.
The highest point, Mt. Yu Shan, is nearly 4,000 meters, but there are five other
mountain peaks that are close behind in size. You will even find the Taroko National
Park in these mountains. Here you can see lovely gorges where the a swiftly flowing
river has caused some erosion.
The mountains of Taiwan make mountain and rock climbing a very popular recreational
There are more national parks in Taiwan. Besides Taroko, there is the Yushan, which is
home to the highest peak in Northeast Asia; Kenting, which has the only tropical area in
Taiwan; Shei-Pa, with very dangerous, steep slopes; Kinmen, with its beautiful granite
hills; and Yangmingshan, a park of volcanic lakes and craters. And of course, there is
the majestic Sun Moon Lake.
Where is Taiwan, many people wonder. Before traveling, it is certainly important to
know where is Taiwan. The location will help you to have a better understanding of the
island’s rich history, geography and culture.
Ring of Fire
Taiwan is included in the Pacific’s “ring of fire.” This results in continuous tectonic
movements that have formed the many natural wonders and magnificent terrain that
you will find in Taiwan. The sub-tropical climate and varied habitats (including basins,
plateaus, hills, plains, mountains, forests, and sandbars) are home to more than 18,400
species of wildlife.
Since Taiwan is an island, it is only natural that the marine life here would be quite
extensive. A number of different species of dolphins are quite prevalent on the eastern
side of the island. On the south end you’ll find some stunning coral reefs and extremely
clear water– perfect for scuba diving.
Taiwan is an island rich in natural beauty. One cannot visit here without being
surrounded and overwhelmed by some of nature’s finest handiwork. Be prepared to be
amazed at all you will see and make sure to bring a camera!